Measure 2D and 3D Shapes With Mensuration Maths Formula

This article is going to be a part of Maths Mensuration. It’s nothing but an assessment of Geometrical 2-D and 3-D figures. By measuring the figures and shapes, we can determine the perimeter, size, and geometrical figures such as Cube, Cylinder, Cone, Cuboid, Sphere, and more.

It is possible to solve problems effortlessly if we are familiar with the specific shape or image formulas. This article will help you understand the mensuration formulas and provide examples.

Continue reading this article to get a deep understanding of Mensuration Maths Formulas.

Definition of Mensuration

Mathematical science is concerned with formulas, problems, trigonometry, geometry, numbers, arithmetic, and mensuration. They all have their distinct meanings and, before discussing the mensuration formulas, let’s look at the concept of mensuration maths in three easy aspects:

  • Mensuration is the component of arithmetic, which is responsible for studying geometrical shapes, dimensions, and volumes.
  • In its broadest sense, it’s about the method of estimation. It relies on applying geometric equations and arithmetical estimations that estimate the size and depth of a particular article or group of items.
  • The estimation results obtained through mensuration are gauges, not actual physical estimates; the computations are generally accurate.

What is a 2-D Shape?

Any shape or figure with two dimensions, length and width, is referred to as a 2-D figure. A typical 2-D shape is the following: Square, Rectangle, Triangle, Parallelogram, Trapezium, Rhombus etc. It is possible to measure 2-D shapes by the Area (A) or Perimeter (P).

What is the 3-D shape?

A shape with more than two dimensions like length, width, and height is called a 3-D figure. Examples of 3-Dimensional shapes are Cube, Cuboid, Sphere, Cylinder, Cone, and so on. The 3D figure is calculated as Surface Area (TSA), Total Surface Area (TSA), Lateral Surface Area (LSA), Curved Surface Area (CSA), as well as Volume (V).

Introduction to Mensuration

The most important terms used to measure area are Perimeter, Volume, TSA, CSA, LSA.

Mensuration is a branch of mathematics that deals with geometrical forms that may be 3D, 2D or their dimensions, surface area, and volume, along with various measurements.

The 2-dimensional shapes have just two parameters, width and length. In contrast, 3-dimensional shapes are those with breadth, length and height.

In this article, we will look at the entire measurement formulae for every geometrical shape. This helps solve the geometric problems which are based on measurement. This is where we start from the basics and apply these formulas in our daily lives too.


  • Perimeter isn’t just related to geometrical objects, but it is also a part of our everyday lives. Often we need to understand the perimeter. 

What is this particular perimeter?

  • Perimeter refers to the length of the path of an object in the two-dimensional space, or it’s the outline of an object.
  • This is measured in meters.


  • In geometry, area refers to the space that is occupied by a specific shape or object. The various shapes occupy diverse sizes. In everyday life, we are exposed to many different situations such as building construction, cloth stitching, colouring, etc. We must determine the approximate area of objects to tackle this kind of issue quickly.
  • The two-dimensional object has a surface area, and the three-dimensional object has a surface area.
  • The surface area and area is determined in square units such as feet square, meter square, feet square, etc.


  • Every object with three dimensions can expand in space. Volume refers to the space which is occupied by objects within three dimensions. In accordance with the dimensions of the body, it occupies various volumes.
  • Every day, we explore the notions of volume. There are certain geometrical shapes such as cones, cubes and spheres that have the same volume. With these fundamental forms, we can calculate the dimensions of any human body.
  • The volume is measured using cubes, i.e. the meter cube, centimetre cube, centimetre cube, or the litre.
  • Not only do solids, but gases and liquids also have the capacity of an object that we pour them into.

Mensuration Formulas for 2-D Figures

Learn 2-dimensional figures by cherishing the following 11 formulas. With these formulas for mensuration, students can quickly solve the difficulties of 2-dimensional figures.

1. Rectangle:

  • Area is length * width
  • Perimeter = 2(l + w)

2. Triangle:

  • Area is 1/2 x base height
  • Perimeter = a + b + c

3. Isosceles Triangle:

  • Area is 1/2 x base height
  • Perimeter = 2 x (a + b)

4. Square:

  • Area = side of the side
  • Perimeter = 4 x side

5. Circle:

  • Area = Pr2
  • Circumference = 2Pr
  • Diameter = 2r

6. Scalene Triangle:

  • Area equals 1/2 x base height
  • Perimeter = a + b + c

7. Right Angled Triangle:

  • Area equals 1/2 x base height
  • Perimeter = + hypotenuse
  • Hypotenuse c = a2+b2

8. Trapezium:

  • Area is 1/2x h(a + b)
  • Perimeter = a + b + c + d

9. Equilateral Triangle:

  • Area = 3/4 x a2
  • Perimeter = 3a

10. Parallelogram:

  • Area = a x b
  • Perimeter = 2(l + b)

11. Rhombus:

  • Area = 1/2 x d1 x d2
  • Perimeter = 4 x side

Mensuration Formulas of 3D Figures

The formulas for mensuration of 3-dimensional forms is provided below. Find out the relation between different parameters here.

1. Cube:

  • Lateral Surface Area = 4a2
  • Total Surface Area = 6a2
  • Volume = a3

3. Cylinder:

  • The surface area for a cylinder = perimeter circle base*(radius plus height) equals 2pr*(r + height)
  • The volume of the cylinder is the Area of spherical base*height = p*r2*h
  • Surface area curved = 2 p*r*h

2. Cuboid:

  • The Lateral Surface Area is 2h(l + b)
  • Total Surface Area = 2(lb + bh + lh)
  • Volume is the sum of length x breadth height

4. Cone:

  • Lateral Surface Area = Prl
  • Total Surface Area is Pr(r + l)

6. Hemisphere:

  • Lateral Surface Area = 2Pr2
  • Total Surface Area = 3Pr2
  • Volume = (2/3)Pr3

5. Sphere:

  • The Surface area of the sphere is 4*p*r2.
  • The Surface area of the hemisphere is 3* 2 * p*r2
  • The Volume of the sphere is 4/3*p*r3
  • The Volume of the hemisphere = 2/3* P*r3
  • The curved area surface of a sphere = 4pr2
  • Hemisphere’s curved surface = 2pr2


There can be many instances where you’ll be able to apply these mensuration Maths formulas in your life. You can calculate and tell how many tiles will be needed for your room’s flooring, or you can tell your dad how much fencing will be needed in his newly purchased plot! How amazing!

Plagiarism Report 

Related Posts