It is called a cardiac arrest when the heart ceases pumping blood in our body, which is typically the result of electrical signals in the heart. The moment the heart stops pumping blood, our brain begins to receive inadequate oxygen supply and stops working effectively. This stoppage of blood flow results in an unconscious and unresponsive attitude.
The word “heart attack” is often misused when explaining cardiac arrest. While a cardiac attack can induce cardiac arrest, the two words do not mean the same thing. A blockage that prevents blood supply to the heart is triggering heart attacks. A heart attack (or myocardial infarction) refers to the disruption of blood flow caused by heart muscle tissue. Heart disease can be seen as a matter of “circulation.” A heart attack is pretty dangerous, fatal at times.
In comparison, when electrical circuit malfunctions in the heart, cardiac arrest is induced. The heart stops right beating. Hence the name -The pumping mechanism of the heart is either “arrested” or halted.
The cardiac arrest will be overcome if CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is administered. A defibrillator is used for a few minutes to stimulate the heart and restore a normal cardiac rhythm. Cardiac arrest may be due to abnormal heartbeats, known as arrhythmias. Ventricular fibrillation is a typical arrhythmia associated with cardiac arrest.
Signs of immediate cardiac arrest are severe and dramatic and include:
- A Perte in consciousness
- Sudden collapse
- No pulse
- No breathing
Other signs and symptoms sometimes occur before sudden cardiac arrest includes:
- The Malaise of the chest
- Air shortening
Yet sudden cardiac arrest still happens without warning. It is always a smart idea to go for reputed online medical store to buy medical supplies online.
Death will occur instantly in cardiac arrest if necessary, measures are not taken immediately. If the heart slows, it may cause death or permanent brain injury in minutes due to a lack of oxygenated blood. When you support an unconscious person who is not breathing, time is vital. Although resuscitation and calling for medical aid are the first measures to help the patient recover consciousness, critical interventions and procedures will be done over the next few hours after the heart attack. Do you know the measures?
Hemodynamic Soutien: Hemodynamic treatment for controlling the blood pressure in the patient’s body is given. Hypotension is a low blood pressure condition that can be treated with fluid administration and vasoactive drugs to reduce blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure greater than 90 mmHg during the post-cardiac arrest period and a mean arterial pressure greater than 65 mmHg should be sustained.
Targeted Temperature Management (TTM): TTM, formerly known as therapeutic hypothermia, is a technique focused on better neurological effects after cardiac arrest. It is used where the patient does not comprehend or obey verbal orders. Shortly after ROSC (return of spontaneous circulation), mediated hypothermia may develop. A standard procedure to cause therapeutic hypothermia is a rapid injection of isotonic, non-glucose-containing ice-cold fluid to sustain an optimal temperature of 32-36 ° C over the next 24 hours. You will need an esophageal thermometer to monitor the temperature, whose price may vary from a regular thermometer price.
Regulation of ventilation: Patients with post-cardiac arrest may also become comatose and require ventilation support. The ventilation setting should be defined according to the patient’s needs and condition. While oxygenation is necessary to carry out aerobic metabolism through ventilation support, hyperoxia’s sinister effects are a constant threat to the patient. In our body, excess oxygen can have adverse effects on us and can exacerbate the neurological results. An ECG system to track heart rate should be used at all times.
Other considerations: Moderate glycemic steps should be introduced to control the glucose level in the body. There is an immense risk of hypoglycemia, so precautions should be taken to avoid it. Medical services are based on the availability of provi coronary reperfusion (CPI), and all procedures should be geared towards this purpose. PCI is healthy and efficient in both the alert and comatose patients, and PCI is not contraindicated by hypothermia. On account of unhealthy habits, cardiac arrest is becoming more frequent in today’s times. A detailed review by the medical experts is a must even though a person appears to feel good after an immediate remedy. The above care procedures play a significant role in successfully keeping the patient on the road to rehabilitation
Conditions of heart that can lead to sudden cardiac arrest
Sudden heart arrest can occur in people who have no known cardiac diet. However, in a person with a pre-existing, probably undiagnosed cardiac disease, life-threatening arrhythmia develops typically. It is a smart idea to buy medical supplies online from a trusted medical online store.
- Illness of the coronary artery: Most cases of sudden cardiac arrest occur in people with coronary artery disease, with cholesterol and other deposits clogging your arteries, reducing blood flow to your heart.
- Cardiac attack: It may cause ventricular fibrillation and abrupt cardiac arrest when a heart attack occurs, often due to severe coronary artery disease. A heart attack may even leave scar tissue within your heart. Electrical short circuits can cause disturbances in the heart rhythm near the scar tissue.
- Enlarged heart disease (cardiomyopathy): This usually happens as the heart’s elastic walls expand and swell or thicken. Then the muscle of your heart is anomalous, a condition that often leads to arrhythmias.
- Cardiovascular disease: Leakage or weakening of your heart valves may cause your heart muscle to expand or thicken. There is an increased chance of contracting arrhythmia as the chambers become swollen or compromised due to tension created by a closed or leaked seal.
- Congenital cardiac disease: In infants or teenagers, when spontaneous cardiac arrest happens, it may be due to a heart condition present at birth (congenital heart disease). Adults who have had corrective surgery for a congenital heart defect still have a greater risk of sudden heart failure.
- Electrical cardiac issues: In individual patients, the problem lies in the heart’s electrical function instead of a cardiac muscle or valve problem. These are the heart rhythm’s primary disorders, which include conditions such as Brugada’s syndrome, which is a long QT syndrome.
One can reduce the chance of sudden cardiac arrest through routine check-ups, medical screening, and a balanced lifestyle.