What does it take to run Red Dead Redemption 2 PC at 60fps?


Pink Lifeless Redemption 2 on PC has some points – fixable points – however they shouldn’t distract an excessive amount of from the size of the general achievement. Rockstar has taken one of the superior sport engines out there and opened up nearly each facet of its rendering to the viewers, permitting graphics fanatics to push already pristine visuals to a brand new degree of precision. As at all times with know-how that pushes boundaries, there’s a value, and the truth that a totally maxed expertise is past most mainstream graphics hardware is inflicting controversy. The factor is, glorious outcomes may be achieved on a number of the hottest gaming PC hardware: it merely requires the consumer to simply accept that in lots of instances, low and medium settings aren’t inherently unhealthy issues. In truth, they could even current enhancements over their Xbox One X equivalents.

Throughout the week of Pink Lifeless Redemption 2’s PC launch, benchmarks have been revealed, customers have examined the sport on their very own rigs and in some quarters, there’s the assumption that the sport is poorly optimised as a result of altering settings to excessive or extremely may cause poor efficiency. Nevertheless, after in depth granular evaluation of the sport’s huge array of graphics choices, what’s clear is that the present Xbox One X model – an excellent technical achievement of this era – is operating utilizing a mix of settings throughout the board, with lots of the results really operating ‘lower than low’. Crucially, the sport nonetheless impresses: PC merely provides additional constancy.

The entire record may be discovered under, however suffice to say, Rockstar focused the very best bang for the buck on consoles and even results that exhibit decrease high quality on X than on PC’s lowest – volumetric decision, for instance – nonetheless look excellent. Plug these settings into a superbly inexpensive mainstream graphics card just like the AMD Radeon RX 580 and attaining 1080p gameplay at 60 frames per second isn’t troublesome. Nevertheless, operating at low and medium settings appears to come back with a stigma for the dedicated PC gamer. There’s the sense that solely excessive or extremely will do, and within the case of RDR2, this may trigger decrease than anticipated efficiency.

Is it actually a ‘sub-optimal’ port then? In some ways, the precise reverse is true. Pink Lifeless Redemption 2 is predicated on the most recent model of Rockstar’s Rage engine and whereas there are various similarities to the know-how’s final outing in Grand Theft Auto 5, a lot has advanced. For starters, the engine has transitioned away from supporting older graphics APIs and affords choices for each Vulkan and DirectX 12. At 60 frames per second on the closest we may get to console equal settings, the sport does have important CPU utilization, however core utilisation is pretty degree on each APIs – normally a very good signal for the standard of a PC port. The Vulkan API is the default and we’d counsel sticking to that. Evaluating each APIs on GTX 1060 and RX 580, Vulkan delivered sooner outcomes on each and eradicated rare stutter on the AMD aspect we famous when DX12 was used.

Scalability in Pink Lifeless Redemption 2 examined, benchmarks revealed, plus a have a look at 1080p60 efficiency on a variety of mainstream GPUs.

By way of fundamental scalability, we began out with RTX 2080 Ti set to 1800p decision. Dropping from a blanket array of extremely settings (with out touching the superior menu) all the way down to excessive, efficiency elevated by 21 per cent, growing to 36 per cent to medium. From prime to backside – extremely to low – there’s a rise of 53 per cent. From a decision perspective, dropping from 4K to 1440p provides 56 per cent of efficiency, rising to 93 per cent at 1080p. These are attention-grabbing figures, however based mostly on our later ‘real world’ checks, these outcomes are more likely to be extra stark on decrease finish package.

In widespread with most PC video games, Pink Lifeless Redemption 2 is finest tuned to various levels on a per setting foundation. It lacks the choice to maneuver between extremely, excessive, medium or low presets on a worldwide scale – probably as a result of this doesn’t actually make sense for the sport. As an alternative, there’s a slider that lets you stability efficiency and high quality. As you progress the slider, the settings menu adjusts dynamically. The sport is trying to get the stability best for you – however for the consumer seeing a mixture of medium, excessive and extremely settings, there’s sure to be confusion. In spite of everything, why ought to I be combining low high quality volumetrics with top quality mirror reflections, for instance? The slider makes an attempt to tell the consumer that some options have heavier efficiency implications than others as you progress by the settings – however there’s nearly like an inbuilt mentality for the PC consumer that low/medium is unhealthy and is finest averted.

All of which leads us onto the console-equivalent expertise. There’s little doubt that Pink Lifeless Redemption 2 is likely one of the most spectacular achievements of the era and on Xbox One X specifically, it’s a revelation. We painstakingly broke down the sport into its particular person visible parts as a way to get an concept of the place Rockstar itself determined the place the very best ‘bang for the buck’ could be – and the outcomes are enlightening – and the selection of the efficiency/high quality slider makes much more sense. After all, the consoles run the gamut of the obtainable choices based mostly totally on efficiency, however some key options are geared extra in direction of the upper finish of the engine’s visible capabilities.

Xbox One X affords up an enormous 9GB of useable reminiscence to builders, and Rockstar places that to good use by delivering the equal of PC’s extremely high quality textures – however that’s the solely extremely setting choice on the desk, alongside the geometry degree of element which is similar because the PC’s most 5 out of 5 setting. Shadow high quality, water refraction high quality, parallax occlusion mapping and features of tessellation correlate with PC’s excessive setting, however elsewhere, consoles don’t go close to the upper finish of the PC model’s spec.

Xbox One X Console Equal Settings
Extremely Texture High quality, Geometry Degree of Element (5/5)
Excessive Shadow High quality, Mirror High quality, Tender Shadows, Water Refraction High quality
Excessive/Medium Tessellation, TAA, Volumetric Lighting High quality, Parallax Occlusion Mapping
Medium Lighting High quality, Display-Area Ambient Occlusion, Particle High quality, Particle Lighting High quality, Fur High quality, Decal High quality, Water Reflection High quality
Low/Medium International Illumination High quality, Grass Shadows
Low/Decrease Than Low Far Shadow High quality, Reflection High quality, Close to Volumetric Decision, Far Volumetric Decision, Water Physics High quality (1/6), Tree High quality, Grass Degree of Element (2/10)
Disabled Options FXAA, MSAA, Unlocked Volumetric Ray March Decision, Full Decision SSAO, Lengthy Shadows, TAA Sharpening

Word: A few of Xbox One X’s results seem like hybrid variations of low and medium, or medium and excessive. We’d suggest beginning with the upper high quality model, however ought to emphasise that the decrease high quality rendition of the impact nonetheless appears fairly comparable throughout the run of play.

Whereas geometry degree of element is maxed on the X, grass and tree distance element is at a minimal. Grass shadows barely register, whereas water physics are at PC’s lowest finish. Volumetric decision – one of many sport’s defining options, keep in mind – delivers a ‘lower than low’ high quality degree on Xbox One X, as does far shadow high quality (and but each look completely advantageous!). Different options resembling world illumination exhibit behaviour that presents like a hybrid of low and medium, whereas others nonetheless are fully disabled. Lengthy shadows specifically can influence the look of many scenes very considerably.

We’re engaged on an entire settings information that particulars how Rockstar has handed over a powerful degree of scalability to customers – by trying to reveal how every part piece of know-how scales, or extra principally to showcase what the settings really do. However finally, past the plain stuff like grass and tree draw distance, lots of the excessive and extremely high quality ranges are all about precision and ‘correctness’ – and people issues have a computational value. In case you don’t want them, higher worth bang for the buck choices are there. Clearly, they wanted to be developed as a way to get console variations operating at something like a secure 30 frames per second – however the important thing level is that even when they’re labelled low or medium within the PC choices display, they don’t essentially look unhealthy. Removed from it.

All of which brings us on to expectation administration. When first loading up a PC port, there’s the sense that top high quality settings needs to be the default for good efficiency on an honest mainstream gaming PC. Ramp up anisotropic filtering and the remaining GPU assets can be utilized to energy forward when it comes to efficiency. The place a console sport runs at 30fps, far superior PC CPU energy can be utilized to double that pretty simply and the expectation is that mainstream GPUs like AMD RX 580 and Nvidia GTX 1060 have the graphics energy to ship 1080p60. Pink Lifeless 2 can do this on PC too. In truth, it could do it higher than many PC ports we’ve checked out, but it surely does contain being practical with settings administration.

Serving to issues only a contact, Pink Lifeless Redemption 2 ships with an in-built benchmark. There are 4 time-lapse vista photographs adopted by a slice of scripted gameplay from one of many sport’s most performance-heavy areas, St Denis. Nevertheless, our recommendation could be to discover a taxing space throughout the sport itself and tweak from there. With that mentioned, what the benchmarks do present is that AMD hardware possesses a exceptional efficiency benefit over Nvidia. So for instance, the Radeon RX 580 is an effective performer, however its normal GTX 1060 sparring mate is effectively off the tempo. Its Turing-based successor, GTX 1660 places up a greater battle, however the backside line is that to beat the 580, a correct step-up is required: GTX 1070 or GTX 1660 Tremendous/Ti. This is applicable whether or not you employ the Vulkan or DX12 graphics APIs – and it’s genuinely stunning to see simply how far forward AMD is right here throughout the board.

Pink Lifeless Redemption: Console Settings, TAA

  • RTX 2080 Ti
  • RTX 2080 Tremendous
  • Radeon 7
  • RTX 2070 Tremendous
  • RX 5700 XT
  • GTX 1080 Ti
  • RX 5700
  • RTX 2060 Tremendous
  • Vega 64
  • Vega 56
  • RTX 2060
  • GTX 1080
  • GTX 1660 Ti
  • RX 590
  • GTX 1070
  • GTX 1660
  • RX 580
  • GTX 1060 6GB

The GPU rating desk above exhibits the efficiency differentials throughout 18 graphics playing cards at 4K decision, utilizing simply the ultimate St Denis take a look at of the in-game benchmark (therefore outcomes are totally different than the ends in the video – even when the general pattern stays the identical). We’ve caught to the console equal settings however added 8x anisotropic filtering and the place Xbox One X used hybrid settings, we’ve opted for PC’s increased equal – consider this as ‘consoles plus’ if you happen to like. With all the information in entrance of us, it appears to be the case that Pascal-based Nvidia playing cards are punching effectively under their weight (for instance, GTX 1080 needs to be a contact sooner than RTX 2060, not 11 per cent slower) whereas AMD performs higher than anticipated in opposition to Turing, making the Pascal outcomes look even much less aggressive. RTX 2080 Tremendous is quicker than Radeon 7, but it surely’s solely the RTX 2080 Ti that exhibits Nvidia actually pulling forward – as you’d hope for essentially the most highly effective and costly single-chip video card within the shopper area.

It’s the type of disparity we hardly ever see – and should communicate to the extent to which Rockstar initially tailor-made its engine for the consoles. Most of the low-level GPU methods used on AMD-based consoles will transition throughout to PC through Vulkan or DX12. It’s uncommon to see a gulf as massive as this and traditionally, it normally prompts an aggressive driver-level optimisation response from Nvidia. What can be curious in regards to the sport is that older AMD GPUs didn’t appear to be left behind – an MSI Gaming manufacturing facility OC model of the Hawaii-based R9 390 delivered 93 per cent of the efficiency of the inventory RX 580. And likewise curious is that an MSI Gaming manufacturing facility OC GTX 970 performs inside spitting distance of a reference GTX 1060.

By way of points we’ve got with port generally, it’s clear that enhancements are required when it comes to stability. Crash to desktop is an issue – one which I assumed was fastened with 3GB patch that arrived later within the week. Nevertheless, I nonetheless see it as an issue and one which appears to manifest when utilizing top-end graphics choices, or when extremely textures are in play on increased finish settings utilizing video playing cards with lower than 6GB of VRAM (talking of which, the VRAM utilization meter is inaccurate and sometimes reads GPU reminiscence allocation incorrectly). In the meantime, texture high quality adjustment could be very tough and the variations between settings may be stark.

Nevertheless, the largest drawback going through the Pink Lifeless 2 port is actually speaking the goals of the mission to the customers and emphasising the doubtless huge frame-rate implications inherent to a number of the settings – one thing the standard vs efficiency slider solely hints at. To begin with, a revamp of the settings UI could be enormously useful, with current Ubisoft video games and COD Trendy Warfare main the way in which with visible comparisons that present what the settings really do. A fundamental rationalization of the efficiency hit to every setting would even be welcome.

A pertinent basic from the Digital Foundry video archives: do you actually need extremely settings?

And perhaps on a extra basic degree, PC video games ought to ship with a default settings association in step with the bang-for-the-buck selections made on the consoles, with Steel Gear Stable 5 Floor Zeroes standing as a wonderful instance of this. Possibly it wouldn’t be an ideal match for PC customers throughout the board, however as a place to begin for settings tweaking, we’ve discovered that pinning down the alternatives the builders themselves made when focusing on resource-constrained hardware is at all times a very good place to begin. In spite of everything, they know their video games higher than anyone else.

As for Pink Lifeless Redemption 2’s settings association, what we’ve got here’s a sport clearly designed to scale as much as future hardware – however our feeling is that Rockstar missed a trick in telling customers extra explicitly easy methods to setup the sport on at this time’s graphics tech. As an alternative, the developer has successfully delivered the chance for PC customers to push the bounds of a frankly good, state-of-the-art graphics engine, however the selection of standard settings labels is clearly inflicting confusion.

And that is regarding as a result of if a developer goes the additional mile with a PC port and finally ends up with unfavourable reactions from the userbase, it might be much less inclined to push the envelope in its subsequent mission. There’s an honest likelihood with this title that if Rockstar had merely named console equal settings as ‘high’ and shipped with little or no upwards scalability, the sport could be lauded as a strong ‘optimised’ port. And maybe if the lower-than-low console equal settings turned RDR2’s low settings, with all the pieces else bumped up in line, the response to the sport would have been totally different. And perhaps there’s an argument for extremely to be referred to as one thing like ‘reference’ as a substitute – with clear communication that this can be a high quality mode designed to be utilised by the GPUs of tomorrow. Kingdom Come Deliverance’s extremely excessive mode does a very good job of telling us that its upper-end settings are very a lot designed for the way forward for PC hardware – it’s an invite to attempt now, however return in just a few years if you would like that know-how to be performant.

On Digital Foundry, we’ve been concentrating loads in our PC protection on what we name optimised settings – the concept of retaining as a lot of the ‘ultra’ expertise as attainable whereas delivering robust efficiency. Pink Lifeless Redemption 2 demonstrates that the notion of whacking all the pieces as much as extremely settings – and even excessive – and judging the sport from there isn’t an awesome concept, particularly when in lots of instances, decrease presets nonetheless look nice and might nonetheless out-spec Xbox One X visible options. Our recommendation? In case you’re searching for a very good stability between high quality and efficiency, our console equal settings are an honest start line – however even tweaking under that may nonetheless end in a really handsome sport.